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Volume 3, Número 2, Ano: 2022,
ISSN: 2763-5392

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IJS-0801 Pre-analytical phase and causes of variations in the results of hematological laboratory exams: a literature review

Author(s): Karla Michelle do Carmo Cavalcanti Sousa, Joana Bulhões Alvares da Silva Lima, Juliana Costa de Oliveira, Kesia Caroline Avelino, Letícia Andressa de Souza Moura, Maria Vitória Lins da Silva, Renata Salete da Silva, Valdemir José da Silva Barros Filho, Wilgner Antonio de Melo Silva, Bruna Thaysa de Lima Tavares, Suzankelly de Oliveira Silva 

Abstract: Laboratory diagnosis has undergone several changes over time due to automation. In addition to automation, the adoption of a quality assurance program (PGQ), thus resulting in greater accuracy and accuracy in exams.  The present study aimed to analyze in the literature the main laboratory errors related to the pre-analytical phase. The same is a literature review, where data collection was composed of scientific articles taken from electronic databases of scientific publications: SciELO, CAPES Journal Portal and MEDLINE, and data analyses were performed between July and August 2021. The main question of the present study was: "What are the main laboratory errors of the pre-analytical phase found in scientific publications?". The search in the database was performed using the combination of the following keywords: Laboratory tests; pre-analytical phase; Laboratory hematology. In view of the findings in the studies, it was possible to notice that pre-analytical variables continue to be an important source of attention for the clinical laboratory. And that it is responsible for most of the errors that occur in the dynamic process of the clinical analysis laboratory, which negatively impacts the laboratory result of the patients.

Keywords: : Laboratory tests. Pre-analytical phase. Laboratory hematology. 

DOI:  10.29327/229003.3.2-1

IJS-0802 Importance of probiotics in the prevention and treatment of colorectal cancer

Author(s): Sheyla Raíra Goiana da Silva, Sabrina Cavalcanti de Andrade, Natiane Carolaine da Silva, Maria Manuela de França, Fábio Abel de Carvalho, Marcelo Francisco Galdino da Silva, Danyel Gomes Teixeira de Freitas, Letícia Virgínia Lopes da Silva Oliveira, Joana Bulhões Alvares da Silva Lima, Brenda Júlia de Santana Bezerra, José Lucas da Silva Moura, Maria Caroline da Silva, Ione Teresinha Oliveira Leitão, Alexandre Libanio Silva Reis

Abstract: Colorectal cancer stands out as a concern in the world. Deaths related in Brazil to cancer is the second leading cause in women, and the third leading cause in men after lung and prostate. Several strategies to promote and prevent the treatment of this pathology have been studied. The aim of this article is to bring the importance of probiotics in the prevention and treatment of colorectal cancer. The methodology used in this research was a systematic review, in order to obtain information on the subject between the years 2012 and 2019, involving the bases of studies: Science Direct, PubMed. Seven articles were used that can observe that probiotics brought benefits for both healthy people and patients with colorectal cancer in the postoperative period. It was concluded that the use of probiotics showed positive effects to treatment and prevention in colorectal cancer. The need for future studies stands out.

Keywords: Micro Gastrointestinal Biome. Colorectal Neoplasms. Probiotics. Kefiran.

DOI:  10.29327/229003.3.2-2

IJS-0803 Ideonella sakaiensis and action de its depolymerizing enzymes of Polyethylene terephthalate (PET): a literature review

Authors: Gecielly de Souza Barbosa, Paloma Alves Soares, Victória Roberta Neves dos Santos, Maria Alcidesia da Silva Melo, Mislânia Danúbia da Silva Ferreira, Trianna Raquel G.B Pinheiro, Arthur Vinícius Vieira Nogueira, Ana Karolina Gabriel da Silva Santos, Bruna Thaysa de Lima Tavares, Joana Bulhões Alvares da Silva Lima, Romualdo Arthur Ferreira de Lima, Lídia Mayara Soares de Sousa, Sheyla Raíra Goiana da Silva

Abstract: Ideonella sakaiensis is a gram-negative, aerobic, non-sporulated, rod-shaped bacterium isolated from a microbial intercropping collected in the city of Sakai, Japan, it has been identified that it degrades Polyethylene terephthalate (PET). The present work aims to present Ideonella sakaiensis and its important mechanism of action in the depolymerization of PET. This is a bibliographic review,  by analysis of articles, journals, periodicals, websites and documents from studies between the years 2016 and 2021. The descriptors, Ideonella sakaiensis", "plastic/plastic" and "health/Heath" were used. Articles in English Portuguese and excluded any article that ran away from the theme.  This bacterium demonstrates the ability to grow in PET and has it as an energy source, enabling defragmentation through enzymes, which act depolymerizing the chemical structure of PET, characterizing an enzymatic bio catalysis process.

Keywords: Bacteria. Innovation. Plastic

DOI:  10.29327/229003.3.2-3

IJS-0804 Analysis of self-medication in pandemic period: integrative literature review

Author(s): Lizya Kerollyn da Luz, Maria Eduarda da Silva Souza, Wellen Araújo dos Santos Costa, Andréa Lira Pereira, Rafaella Soares de Melo, Mateus Dutra Lacerda de Almeida Silva, Bruna Maria de Araújo Rosas, Samara Beatriz de Oliveira Ferreira, Brunna Karolline Carvalho de Vasconcelos, Patrícia Maria da Cruz Brito, Cláudio Junyo dos Santos, Pedro Eduardo Santos Silva, Hugo Henrique de Oliveira Silva, Sâmia Dayana Lemos de Lacerda 

Abstract: TSelf-medication is defined as a practice of using over-the-front medication, and under so many uncertainties and the fear of the population, it began to enter a severe emotional state, in which the irrational use of medications and self-medication increased greatly. The present study aims to systematize the knowledge produced in national scientific publications, about the factors that evidence the practice of self-medication in a period of COVID-19 pandemic. Being an integrative literature review, where the collection was composed of scientific articles taken from electronic bases of scientific publications, and from the evaluations of the publications, 7 articles were selected to make up the analysis and categorization proposed in this study because it met the inclusion criterion. In the end, it was noticed that there was a considerable increase, where their use took the lead, due to the supposed treatments for Covid-19.

Keywords: Self-medication. Health education. COVID-19. Indiscriminate use of medications 

DOI:  10.29327/229003.3.2-4

IJS-0805 Survey of epidemiological data in relation to STIs in adolescents

Author(s): Natália Fernanda Bezerra de Melo, Sabrina Cavalcanti de Andrade, Maria Manuela de França, Letícia Virgínia Lopes da Silva Oliveira, Lucineide Barbosa Lima, Ewyllyn Dayane Gomes Feitosa, Edivan Costa Fonseca Silva, Bruna Thaysa de Lima Tavares, Romualdo Arthur Ferreira de Lima, Adriano João do Nascimento Costa, Adrielle Carolina Monteiro da Silva, Ana Cecília Amorim de Souza

Abstract: Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs) are caused by viruses, bacteria or other microorganisms, transmitted most often by sexual intercourse, without the use of condoms, and can transmit from mother to child and through syringes, needles or other sharp materials shared.  Six infections are on the rise among young Brazilians, which are: HIV/AIDS, Hepatitis B and C, Syphilis, HPV, Gonorrhea and Genital Herpes. However, only HIV/AIDS, Hepatitis B and C and Syphilis will be analyzed, because they are diseases of compulsory notification and present their data in SINAN. To analyze the survey of epidemiological data in case of STIs in adolescents. Study of secondary databases, quantitative, descriptive with a focus on the young population, adolescents between 10 and 19 years old. The results show that the most affected sex is male in all STIs analyzed. Hepatitis B decreased by approximately 17.57% in 2019 compared to 2014. Hepatitis C in 2018 had n=1574 deaths, more than three times the total number of deaths by the other Hepatitis. N=70,756 pregnant adolescents who had syphilis between 2015 and June 2020 were reported. There was also a decrease in AIDS cases from 2015-2019, where n=37,302 cases were reported in 2019. With the high number of cases during the year of STIs, special care is needed to create primary and secondary prevention strategies, which will contribute to a decrease in these numbers.

Keywords: Epidemiological Data. Adolescence. Sexually transmitted infections

DOI:  10.29327/229003.3.2-5

IJS-0806 Possible relationship between the use of psychoactive substances (drugs of abuse), with cases of anxiety evidenced in the COVID-19 pandemic

Author(s): Lídia Mayara Soares de Sousa, Anne Manoele Alves Rodrigues, Bruna Thaysa de Lima Tavares, Dávylla Renata do Nascimento, Ellen Jordanne de Santana Silva, Igor Gustavo Alves das Neves, Isabella Sterphany Ferreira Santos, Juceli Gomes de Queiroz, Kesia Caroline Avelino, Maria Clara de Souza Bezerra, Maria Vitória Janillys Alves da Silva, Samuel Prudente de Lira, Emanuella Barros de Souza Oliveira Alvares

Abstract: The increase in cases of anxiety during the pandemic is related to the use of drugs of abuse. Social toxicology is a study of the harmful effects of drugs and drugs without a prescription that can harm both the individual and society. This study aims to understand the relationship between the increase in anxiety cases with drug use. It consists of exploratory-descriptive bibliographic research, with a qualitative approach, based on articles and book, from 2016 to 2021. Among the drugs most used in Brazil are alcohol, cocaine, marijuana and benzodiazepines. With the false concept of safety over a given substance, people associate therapeutic purposes with abusive consumption. Care should be, in self-medication and in the search for comfort in something that in the long run can do harm, and do not seek therapies that actually work, with suitable professionals, so that these drugs are used in a beneficial way to health.

Keywords: Social toxicology. Drugs of abuse. benzodiazepines   

DOI: 10.29327/229003.3.2-6

IJS-0807 Consequences of prolonged use of benzodiazepines related to the increase in mental disorders: a literature review

Author(s): Keylla Arielle da Silva Leite, Ariany Rebeka Salgado da Silva, Bruna Gabriella Albuquerque de Oliveira, Bruna Thaysa de Lima Tavares, Daniela da Silva Mendes, Ellen Jordanne de Santana Silva, Igor Gustavo Alves das Neves, João Alysson dos Santos, Lucivalda Maria Florêncio, Maria Eduarda de Andrade, Vívia Cristiane da Cruz Sousa, Wellington Francisco Pereira da Silva, Kleiverson de Oliveira Silva 

Abstract: The indiscriminate use of benzodiazepines in the world has been growing for years, mainly for long periods and, in cases, without justification. The aim of this research is to conduct a literary review on the consequences of excessive consumption of benzodiazepines, especially its dependence, characterizing a complementary literary review, concluded through other studies, with qualitative method. The articles gathered were searched from the SciELO, PUBMED and Google Scholar databases. Addressing a need for awareness of the time of use of the drug, because the longer the period, the more difficult to interrupt the treatment, as well as increase the chances of developing abstinence. Concluding that the lack of adequacy of mental health issues by primary care professionals, the division of care, overwork, resource limitations and little investment in training contribute to the inadequate use of benzodiazepines.

Keywords: Benzodiazepines. Indiscriminate use. Prescription medications 

DOI:  10.29327/229003.3.2-7

IJS-0808 The excessive use of antibiotics in the pandemic period and the possible increase in bacterial resistance: integrative revision

Author(s): Georgia Lima de Freitas, Mayara Luciana Arruda da Silva, Bruna de Vasconcelos Dias, Maria Alice Gomes de Barros Silva, Igor Gustavo Alves das Neves, José Eraldo de Moura Albuquerque, Maria Clara Bezerra Gabu, Pâmela Karolayne Rodrigues Barbosa, Marta Gabriely de Arruda Ribeiro, Marcio Martins da Silva, Hellen Beatriz Gomes da Silva, Maria de Fátima Silva de Sousa

Abstract: Through the pandemic scenario of Covid-19, declared by the World Health Organization (WHO), the support of the use of masks, alcohol and hand hygiene, became essential measures for combat. Under so many uncertainties and the fear of the population, it began to enter a serious emotional state, in which the irrational use of medications and self-medication increased, trying to protect itself from the lethality of such a disease, where the widespread practice of antibiotics should be discouraged, in which its use can lead to higher rates of bacterial resistance. The present study aimed to present discussions about the indiscriminate use of antibiotics and the evolution of resistance, based on the analysis in national scientific publications. The same was carried out between July and August 2021. The following databases were used: Scientific Electronic Library Online (SciELO), Latin American and Caribbean Literature on Health Sciences (LILACS) and US National Library of Medicine (PUBMED). The search in the database was performed using the following key words: Bacterial resistance; Antibiotics; Public health; COVID-19. The study identified that bacterial resistance results in indiscriminate use, which will always be a very serious public health record, however, in order to have minimal control in the face of this global problem, and recent, in the face of the pandemic of the new coronavirus, it is increasingly necessary that professionals are aware of this evil and increasingly responsible.

Keywords: Bacterial resistance. Antibiotics. Public health. COVID-19 

DOI:  10.29327/229003.3.2-8

IJS-0809 Evaluation of adverse environmental impacts of agricultural practice around the Epitácio Pessoa reservoir (Boqueirão-PB)

Author(s): Ione Teresinha Oliveira Leitão, Estanley Pires Ribeiro, Vanessa Barbosa de Almeida Paz, Stefany Rodrigues Vila Nova Flor, Milene Martins da Silva Nascimento, Vanessa Lima de Souza, Valéria Lima de Souza, Isabela Regina Alvares da Silva Lira, Aldo José Irineu Filho, Elayne Maria Rufino da Silva, Thayres Liryelly da Silva Vieira, Patrícia Ferreira da Silva

Abstract: The Epitácio Pessoa reservoir (Boqueirão), is the second largest freshwater reservoir in the State of Paraíba, considered for most local farmers the main source of irrigation and currently supplies 19 municipalities, including Campina Grande, which is the largest among them.  Thus, the objective of this study was to evaluate the adverse environmental impacts caused by inadequate agricultural practices around the Epitácio Pessoa reservoir, as well as to propose environmental control measures.  Initially, a check list of the environmental impacts presents in the vicinity of the Epitácio Pessoa reservoir, Municipality of Boqueirão-PB, was subsequently analyzed using the Pressure-State-Impact-Response methodology, making it possible to diagnose the environmental quality of the watershed, as well as the answers or absence of them for each type of impact on the environment. Information was also obtained through formal interviews with producers and photographic records. The results revealed that there are numerous environmental impacts on the dam today and that most of them do not present a response to its elimination or mitigation. Even though the watershed presents a relevant socioeconomic importance for the State of Paraíba, it is subjected to a continuous and gradual deterioration of environmental conditions, compromising its environmental quality, also evidencing the need for more effective interventions by the public authorities, represented by those of the responsible agencies.

Keywords: Agriculture. Impacts. Dam. Sustainability 

DOI:  10.29327/229003.3.2-9

IJS-0810 Aspects after hospital discharge, the second face of the SARS-CoV-2: a literature review

Author(s): Gleydson Douglas de Siqueira Alves, Natália Fernanda Bezerra de Melo, Isabela Regina Alvares da Silva Lira, Vanessa Graziella de Almeida Soares, Edivan Costa Fonseca Silva, Luana da Silva Andrade, Amadeu José de Souza Ferreira, Katiane Valeria Barbosa de Melo, Adriano João do Nascimento Costa, Francine Julia Andrade Albuquerque, Cristie Aline Santos de Araújo, Maria Vitória Lins da Silva, Leila Michelle da Silva Azevedo, Anna Mirella de Andrade Oliveira, Samia Dayana Lemos de Lacerda, Ana Cecília Amorim de Souza

Abstract: Coronavirus disease presents as a public health problem. High rates of hospitalization and impairments that lead to disability and impairment of quality of life. A literature review was conducted between April and May 2020, in the searches, the virtual health library was used as a database, which covers the electronic databases: LILACS and MEDLINE; database PEDro and PubMed. The Boolean operator AND was used to association the following descriptors: Coronavirus. Physiotherapy. Rehabilitation. The probable changes in patients with COVID-19 in the post-acute phase included neuromuscular involvements, neuropathies that lead to MV dependence and consequently pulmonary involvement, fatigue, generalized muscle weakness, pain, decreased functionality. The study becomes relevant because it provides literary support on the conditions related to the physical status of patients with COVID-19 in the post-acute phase, since more and more people are being infected, thus, studies have shown that a large part of the population will need rehabilitation.

Keywords: Coronavirus. Physiotherapy. Rehabilitation

DOI: 10.29327/229003.3.2-10

IJS-0811 Comparison of SARS-COVID case numbers and decline associated with the evolution of vaccination in Brazil

Author(s): Francine Julia Andrade Albuquerque, Natália Fernanda Bezerra de Melo, Adriele Camile Santos Silva, Andreza Savana dos Santos Souza, Caroline Dayane da Silva Bacelar, Robson Felipe de Sousa Tavares, Maria Eduarda de Andrade, Jayane Victoria de Albuquerque Sousa, José Lucas da Silva Moura, Valdemir José da Silva Barros Filho, Kilma da Rocha Santos, Ewyllyn Dayane Gomes Feitosa, Samia Dayana Lemos de Lacerda, Marcos Jonathan Lino dos Santos, Maria Stella Amorim de Lima Souza, Ana Cecília Amorim de Souza

Abstract: Coronavirus began in 2019 in Wuhan city, located in China. Chinese scientists have enclosed a new coronavirus, with severe acute respiratory syndrome such as SARS-CoV-2. The mortality rate due to SARS-COVID was 82.2%. The covid-19 pandemic by the new coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2) has been one of the greatest health challenges on a global scale this century. The present work aims through epidemiological bulletins in the period from 2020 to 2021 month of September to analyze records in the notification forms for the disease 'SARS'. This is a comparative epidemiological study of the descriptive type of cross-sectional cohort, whose data were collected through the secondary database of (CIEVS).

Keywords: Coronavirus; SARS; Vaccination; Incidence 

DOI: 10.29327/229003.3.2-11

IJS-0812 Analysis of the epidemiological profile of deaths by Covid 19 in the state of Pernambuco

Author(s): Leila Michelle da Silva Azevedo, Roziane Cavalcanti de Albuquerque, Natália Fernanda Bezerra de Melo, Wilgner Antonio de Melo Silva, Maria Stella Amorim de Lima Souza, Ewyllyn Dayane Gomes Feitosa, Enilva da Conceição Urbano, Maria Eduarda de Aguiar Ferreira, Marcos Jonathan Lino dos Santos, Ana Beatriz de Oliveira Nascimento, Anniely D’avila Medeiros Souza, Crislani Maria de Sousa, Elianay Silva Lima, Sâmia Dayana Lemos Lacerda, Mayara Luciana Arruda da Silva, Ana Cecília Amorim de Souza

Abstract: The aim of this study is to describe the epidemiological profile of deaths in Pernambuco due to COVID-19 in the period 2020 and 2021. This is a descriptive cross-sectional epidemiological study, with a quantitative approach, whose data were extracted through the secondary database of the Strategic Health Surveillance Information Center of Pernambuco (CIEVS/PE).  As results, n=19,893 cases were presented, they died reaching 3.17% of the total. The city of Recife represented 27.62% of deaths in the state of Pernambuco. The brown race presented 55.57% of the population that evolved death. In the age group 70-79, it was the most prevalent in deaths with 24.19%. The sex with the highest incidence was the male with 53.68%. In this sense, it is suggested that the measures to contain the virus be maintained, and that vaccination continue to be encouraged, to avoid a third wave and thus more people have their lives reaper.

Keywords: Covid 19. Mortality. Epidemiological profile  

DOI:  10.29327/229003.3.2-12

IJS-0813 Comparative analysis of the epidemiological profile of neglected pathologies in children in Brazil

Author(s): Bruna Rafaela Soares de Lima, Juliana Natália da Conceição Sena, Natália Fernanda Bezerra de Melo, Maria de Fátima Silva de Sousa, Ewyllyn Dayane Gomes Feitosa, Emanuelle Kédna de Souza, Luciene Maria da Silva Nascimento, Maria Vitória Santos da Silva, Brunna Lorenna Souza de Lira, Samia Dayana Lemos de Lacerda, Andreza Savana dos Santos Souza, Marcos Jonathan Lino dos Santos, Eutiquia Maria de Souza, Amélia Maria da Conceição, Yasmmim Kawanny Alves Alvares, Ana Cecília Amorim de Souza

Abstract: Neglected diseases (DNs) are a group of diseases caused by infectious or parasitic agents that are strongly associated with poverty, where the determinants for incidence are: inadequate housing, poor basic sanitation, insufficient drinking water, education and health services. Brazil is responsible for a large proportion of these diseases, especially in the northern and northeastern regions of the country, where there is a high rate of morbidity and mortality of the exposed population. The research aimed to compare the epidemiological profile of neglected pathologies in children in Brazil, between 2015 and 2017. As a method to obtain the data, a study was carried out through the Notification Disease Information System (SINAN).), provided by DATASUS / Ministry of Health, in which data were collected from the records in the notification forms for the diseases: schistosomiasis, dengue, visceral leishmaniasis, malaria, acute chagasic disease and pertussis. From the collected results, it was noticed that the southeast region predominated in cases of notification, considered one of the richest regions in the country, the incidence percentage was high, compared to the other regions, the predominant male gender and the susceptible age group. 10 to 14 years. It is concluded that DNs are a public health problem that mainly affects low-income families, causing morbidity and mortality in children exposed to the risk of infection or reinfection. Knowing the magnitude related to DNs is essential for monitoring, especially in regions where the incidence rate is high.

Keywords: Disease’s notification. Schistosomiasis. Dengue fever. Visceral leishmaniasis. Malaria 

DOI:  10.29327/229003.3.2-13

IJS-0814 Occupational stress and burnout syndrome among nurses: an integrative review of the literature

Author(s): Antônio Rafael Celestino de Souza, Wanderleya Silva Barbosa dos Santos, Thamires Maria de Lima, Rafaela Maria André Bezerra, Camila Victoria Freitas do Nascimento, Maria Ivaneide Ferreira, Leonardo Felipe da Silva Costa, Benedita Gicelli Marcolino de Lima, Vanderson Severino da Silva, Natália Fernanda Bezerra de Melo, Wilgner Antonio de Melo Silva, Maria Eduarda da Silva Torres, Jayane Victoria de Albuquerque Sousa, Maria da Conceição dos Santos Lima, Ana Cecília Amorim de Souza

Abstract: Stress is conceptualized by nurses as an occupational risk, which has led increasingly to physical, psychological illness and impairment of work results, directly impacting organizations due to increased interpersonal conflicts and the installation of signs and symptoms. To analyze the triggering factors of burnout syndrome among nurses. This is an integrative review of the literature, carried out between January and April 2021, through electronic databases: Scientific Electronic Library Online (SciELO), Medline, PubMed using the following descriptors: "Burnout" "Nursing" and "Stress". After the crossing of the descriptors and the application of the eligibility criteria, 09 articles were selected in the final sample. The present study shows that the most common causes for burnout syndrome among nurses are: work overload, poor support and lack of professional recognition, experience with pain, sadness and death of patients, poor working conditions. Therefore, measures to keep intensive care nurses healthy should be carried out, from improving working conditions to obtaining resources to provide care, adequate training, optimizing of exhaustive working hours and a means conducive to the rest of professionals. It is necessary to implement interventions that promote better quality of life.

Keywords: Burnout. Nursing. Occupational Stress  

DOI:  10.29327/229003.3.2-14

IJS-0815 The role of physiotherapy in the prevention of falls and in the improvement of balance in the elderly: a literature review

Author(s): Amadeu José de Souza Ferreira, Natália Fernanda Bezerra de Melo, Jéssica Patrícia da Silva, Francine Julia Andrade Albuquerque, Dheyson Christian de Paula Lima, Cláudia Letícia Ferreira Paes, Manuela Monteiro de Melo, Katiane Valeria Barbosa de Melo, Leila Michelle da Silva Azevedo, Jeniffer Laisa da Silva Oliveira, Cristie Aline Santos de Araújo, Samia Dayana Lemos de Lacerda, Ana Cecília Amorim de Souza, Edilma Edileuza Marques

Abstract: The objective was to identify the performance of physiotherapy and its efficacy in the treatment of prevention against falls in the elderly, providing these people with improvement in quality of life. The collection was of scientific articles taken from electronic bases of scientific publications, and the following were identified: Scientific Electronic Library Online (SciELO), Latin American and Caribbean Literature on Health Sciences (Lilacs), PUBMED and Medline.  The search in the databases resulted in the identification of 44 articles, and only 9 publications were selected, in which 35 articles were evaluated and excluded because they did not have a theme according to the theme. Therefore, it was possible to identify that physiotherapy is an excellent means of treatment for the elderly against the risks of falls, through their physiotherapeutic resources, it was evident the benefits achieved, providing better quality of life, improvement in their physical fitness, besides preventing and treating changes that arise with advancing age.

Keywords: Geriatric Physiotherapy. Prevention in falls. Fall in the elderly. Balance.

DOI: 10.29327/229003.3.2-15

IJS-0816 Analysis of cardiovascular risk and quality of life in elderly people in a city in the interior of Pernambuco – Brazil

Author(s): Luciana Conceição Ferreira da Silva Barbosa Pamella Albuquerque Sandres, Natália Fernanda Bezerra de Melo, Anniely D’avila Medeiros Souza, Ana Karina de Andrade Araújo Galvão, Vitória Carla de Melo, Sâmia Dayana Lemos de Lacerda, Lúcia Mariana Albuquerque Soares, Leonardo Felipe da Silva Costa, Andreza Cecília de Oliveira Bahé, Maria das Dores Barbosa da Silva, Ewyllyn Dayane Gomes Feitosa, Santhyago Manoel da Silva, Suenia Maria de Souza Silva Araújo, Lucas de Aragão Tavares, Wellington Francisco Pereira da Silva, Ana Cecília Amorim de Souza

Abstract: In Brazil and in the world, the survival of the elderly population is increasing, in which it is the phase of life characterized by a decrease in functional reserves and the capacity of the body to adapt to sudden changes, making it more vulnerable. Aging is the main risk factor for cardiovascular disease. And to try to minimize this process, physical exercise has been indicated as a fundamental part of the global health promotion programs. The object of study, to evaluate the effects of physical exercise on cardiovascular risk in the active and sedentary elderly. It is exploratory research with a quantitative / qualitative approach of the transversal type. The collection was performed in a Basic Health Unit (UBS) in the municipality of Vitória de Santo Antão. The population was randomly constituted by 60 elderly people of both sexes, with ages between 60 and 80 years. The results depict: mean age 1.60 (+0.066); weight - mean 101.31 (+9.94); BMI - mean 27.69 (+3.75); PAS - mean - 130.66 (+10.39); PAD - mean 80.5 (+12.67). Patients HAS (n = 57) or equivalent to 60% of the sample. It concludes the practice of regular physical activity provides the elderly with a better quality of life.

Keywords: Physical activity. Aging. Risk factors. Quality of life

DOI:  10.29327/229003.3.2-16

IJS-0817 A comparative study between parasacral electrostimulation and posterior tibial nerve in the treatment of hypoactive bladder - a literature review

Author(s): Bárbara Talita Tenório da Silva, Sandra Maria Correia de Santana, Alberto Doglas Xavier Barbosa, Katiane Valéria Barbosa de Melo, Amadeu José de Souza Ferreira, Maria Eduarda dos Santos Borges, Maria Aline de Lima Mélo, Matheus Barbosa da Silva, Rayssa Nadielle da Rocha Oliveira, Natália Fernanda Bezerra de Melo, Francine Julia Andrade Albuquerque, Ana Cecilia Amorim de Souza

Abstract: Overactive Bladder (BH) is defined as involuntary urine loss, where the bladder musculature performs involuntary contractions, in the filling phase and in emptying. In adults, detrusor hyperactivity has a significant impact on the patient's quality of life.  Show the main effects of application on electrostimulation in the posterior tibial nerve and parasacral electrostimulation in adults in the treatment of overactive bladder. A literature review was conducted from February to March 2020 in the PUBMED and VHL databases. The following descriptors Physiotherapy were used; Electro-stimulation; Hyperactive Urinary Bladder.  We found 43 scientific articles, between the years 2015 and 2020, where they addressed various themes, a reading was performed and only 4 were adapted to the objective of the study. Studies investigating the use of electrostimulation in adults are scarce. However, studies of electrostimulation in the posterior tibial nerve show that the effects of this therapy are efficient.

Keywords: Physiotherapy. Electro-stimulation. Hyperactive Urinary Bladder

DOI:  10.29327/229003.3.2-17

IJS-0818 Profile of children and adolescents affected by chronic rheumatic heart disease in Brazil

Author(s): Maria Valéria Ramos da Silva, Ridiani dos Santos Nascimento, Natália Fernanda Bezerra de Melo, Alberto Doglas Xavier Barbosa, Esther Rafaelly Silva do Nascimento, Bruna Rafaela Dornelas de Andrade Lima Monteiro, Samia Dayana Lemos de Lacerda, Luciene Maria da Silva Nascimento, Paulo Rosemberg Rodrigues da Silva, Liliane Soares Gomes, Eutiquia Maria de Souza, Joanna D’arc Bispo da Silva, Soraia Lins de Arruda Costa, Francisca Luana da Silva, Hákilla Pricyla de Jesus Souza, Geovanna Gabriele Pereira da Silva, Thamyres de Santana, Ana Cecília Amorim de Souza

Abstract: Chronic rheumatic heart disease consists of a group of acute or chronic heart diseases that occurs as a result of rheumatic fever. Rheumatic fever is an inflammatory disease triggered by pharyngeal tonsillitis caused by the bacterium Streptococcus pyogenes.  It is more frequent in children between 5 and 15 years of age. It can affect skin, joints, brain and heart. The most common complication is the damage to the mitral valve of the heart. To quantify the number of hospitalizations by age, sex and region of children and adolescents affected by chronic rheumatic heart disease. Through the database of the SUS Hospital Information System (SIH/SUS), the hospitalization forms for chronic rheumatic heart disease in Brazil were evaluated from 2016 to 2019, provided by DATASUS/Ministry of Health. The results showed that the most affected sex is female (57.57%), in the region the Southeast region stands out (41.34%).  The city with the highest number of registered cases is São Paulo (19.55%), followed by Belo Horizonte (15.81%). Among the age group, it is the 10–14-year-old age group with the highest incidence, totaling 681 reported cases. This study expresses and proves that the female population is quite affected in Brazil. Among the cases analyzed, the female gender predominates in reported cases and the most affected age group is between 10 and 14 years. It was also evidenced that low educational level, as well as low income and poor basic sanitation are factors that influence the onset of the disease.  

Keywords: Chronic rheumatic heart disease. Hospitalizations. Children. Teenagers. 

DOI: 10.29327/229003.3.2-18

IJS-0819 The incidence of syphilis in the State of Pernambuco in the period 2015-2017

Author(s): Elissandro Pedro da Silva, Suzely Felix Gomes Penna Layme, Natália Fernanda Bezerra de Melo, Sandra Maria Correia de Santana, Amélia Maria da Conceição, Elymax Miqueias Lima Teodósio dos Santos, Samia Dayana Lemos de Lacerda, Paulo Rosemberg Rodrigues da Silva, Leandro Amaro da Silva, Ana Karina de Andrade Araújo Galvão, Maria das Dores Barbosa da Silva, Thamires Maria de Lima, Ana Cecília Amorim de Souza

Abstract: With the role of nurses in Health Education, there is a decrease in cases of diseases that can be avoided, in the case of sexually transmitted infections from 2016 to 2017, it was notorious that the population is becoming aware, through the lectures that are offered and given in the USF's. To analyze the incidence and prevalence of syphilis in the State of Pernambuco from 2015 to 2017. Methods Cross-sectional, quantitative, descriptive work with secondary data obtained through SES-PE, Sinan and SINASC/State Program of STIs/AIDS/HV/DGCDA/SES/PE on congenital syphilis and acquired in  the years 2015 to 2017, these data provided are preliminary and gender and age group were established. Until September 11, 2017, Pernambuco recorded 1,022 cases of congenital syphilis, when transmission occurs from mother to baby during pregnancy. In all of 2016 there were 1,507 cases and in 2015, 1,363. The disease is easy to diagnose and has treatment available free of charge in the Unified Health System (SUS). In addition to cases of congenital syphilis, SES also records the occurrences in pregnant women and in the general (acquired) public. In the case of pregnant women, there were 870 cases in 2015, 953 in 2016 and 835 in 2017 (up to 11.09). In relation to acquired syphilis, there were 1,319 cases in 2015, 2,657 in 2016 and 1,829 in 2017. The results of this research, considering the proposed objectives, indicate that the number of inhabitants in general (men and women) including pregnant women and children, have had a significant decline for individual and population health, of sexually transmitted infections. This decrease is most likely given by nursing care with lectures, and prevention alerts of STIs.  

Keywords: Syphilis. Sexually Transmitted Infection (IST). Nurse's Performance 

DOI: 10.29327/229003.3.2-19

IJS-0820 Pelvic physiotherapy X pompoarism and the contributions to the intimate functionality of women: a literature review

Author(s): Rubiana Maria de Souza Silva, Sandra Maria Correia de Santana, Natália Fernanda Bezerra de Melo, Bruna Rafaela Dornelas de Andrade Lima Monteiro, Samia Dayana Lemos de Lacerda, Iulyane Jamile Ferreira de Santana Cespedes, Maria Heloisa do Nascimento Santos, Adriely Porfirio de Lima, Maria Eduarda dos Santos Borges, Bárbara Talita Tenório da Silva, Júlia Gabriela de Lima Leal, Maria Mikaelle Vicente Silva, Evandro Duarte de Sá, Valdenice de Santana Silva, Ana Cecília Amorim de Souza

Abstract: Pelvic Physiotherapy (PF) is a therapeutic practice that has been intervening positively in the universe of women's health. The sexual response is scarred by a cycle, libido, arousal, orgasm, refractory period with an existing resolution of combination in mental and bodily responses. The aim of this research was to analyze the performance of pelvic physiotherapy and the Pompoarism technique in the functional improvement of pelvic floor muscles in women's health. This study is based on a descriptive literature review, where the selected articles were researched in the following databases: LiLacs, PubMed, SciELO and DeCS in Portuguese and English, from 2010 to 2021. We found that women throughout their life suffer a natural aging of the pelvic floor muscles, these muscles like any other needs to be stimulated, because problems such as decreased sexual activity, changes in the post-pregnancy period, surgeries or even menopause decreases the healthy functional activity of this region. Thus, it was noticed that both pelvic physiotherapy and the Pompoarism technique have been helping women to have intimate health preserved in a positive way.   

Keywords: Pelvic physiotherapy. Pelvic floor. Pompoarism

DOI: 10.29327/229003.3.2-20

IJS-0821 The prevalence and risks of metabolic syndrome in the elderly: an integrative review

Author(s): Gizele Carla da Costa Tavares, Tacyla Rayssa Carneiro Amorim, Natália Fernanda Bezerra de Melo, Maryana Karolyna dos Santos Pessoa, Lucas de Aragão Tavares, Leandro Amaro da Silva, Paulo Rosemberg Rodrigues da Silva, Samia Dayana Lemos de Lacerda, Maria Werica da Silva Arruda, Suzely Felix Gomes Penna Layme, Bruna Rafaela Dornelas de Andrade Lima Monteiro, Fernanda Karla Bezerra de Lima, Suelice Guedes da Silva Brito, Edna Fernanda de Souza Fernandes, Ana Lúcia Carneiro de Souza, Ana Cecília Amorim de Souza

Abstract: Metabolic Syndrome (MS) is currently a relevant public health problem, in view of its high rates of worldwide prevalence. It can be considered the harm caused by modern life due to the sedentary lifestyle adopted by today's society. To analyze studies evaluating the prevalence of metabolic syndrome in the elderly and cardio metabolic risk factors. A literature review was conducted, considering the initial period of the databases until May 2018, in the searches, the virtual health library was used as a database, which covers the electronic databases: LILACS, SciELO and MEDLINE. The Boolean operator AND was used to association the following descriptors: Elderly; Metabolic X Syndrome; Prevalence. Women had higher rates of prevalence of MS (the discussion is not concluded). The study becomes relevant because it sought to provide literary support on the conditions related to the prevalence and risks of MS in the elderly, in which, in recent decades, the interest of the scientific community has been arousing, thus, enabling knowledge on the subject, as well as the importance of the need for systematic action of health professionals.  

Keywords: Elderly. Metabolic X Syndrome. Prevalence 

DOI: 10.29327/229003.3.2-21

IJS-0822 Analysis of the epidemiological profile of congenital syphilis in the State of Pernambuco from 2015 to 2017

Author(s): José Lucivanio de Moura, Shirley Soares da Silva, Natália Fernanda Bezerra de Melo, Paulo Rosemberg Rodrigues da Silva, Rayssa Cris Alves Brasil, Dayane Carlota Gonçalves da Silva, Samia Dayana Lemos de Lacerda, Neidejane Trajano do Nascimento, Marielly Peixoto de Santana, Suenia Maria de Souza Silva Araújo, Maria Aparecida Celerino da Silva, Danielle Cavalcanti de Almeida Messias de Barros, Cecília Maria Conceição da Silva, Priscila Mendes da Silva, Thamires Maria de Lima, Giullyan Nóbrega Primo, Soraia Lins de Arruda Costa, Vivian de Oliveira e Silva, Ana Cecília Amorim de Souza

Abstract: Syphilis is considered an infectious disease, when it affects pregnant women, it can cause congenital syphilis, causing consequences for the conceptus. Congenital syphilis is due to the hematogenous dissemination of Treponema pallidum from pregnant women to her conceptus, by transplant. Congenital syphilis is considered a serious public health problem for Brazil. To describe the epidemiological profile of syphilis in the state of Pernambuco from 2015 to 2017. Secondary data were used from the Database of the Department of Informatics of SUS (DATASUS) through notifications of congenital syphilis, covering the state of Pernambuco from 2015 to 2017 by the Notifiable Diseases Information System (SINAN) and tabulated by TABNET. 5,097 cases of congenital syphilis were recorded in the state of Pernambuco from 2015 to 2017. The year in which a higher rate of cases was observed was in 2017 with 37.15% (n=1,894) the city of Recife had the highest rate of reported cases, among all cities of Pernambuco with 59.46% (n= 3,031) according to the most predominant race was mixed with 70.23% (n=3,580) it was observed that most mothers had the 5th to 8th incomplete grade of elementary school,  totaling 34.37% (n=1,752). The number of mothers who underwent prenatal care was 77.26%, (n=3,938) it was also observed that the majority did not treat their partners reaching 45.16%. (n=2,302). With the high numbers of confirmed cases of congenital syphilis, it is necessary that primary care has control of the disease, investigates syphilis in pregnant women, creating strategies to reduce these numbers, it is suggested, early diagnosis of maternal infection, because the earlier the diagnosis, the greater the possibility of completing treatment in a timely manner,  thus avoiding vertical transmission to the newborn, preventing complications from appearing to the fetus. 

Keywords: Infectious disease. Syphilis. Vertical Transmission 

DOI: 10.29327/229003.3.2-22

IJS-0823 Comparative analysis of hospital admission authorizations,  mortality rate and deaths of patients with cardiovascular pathologies

Author(s): Lucia Ferreira dos Santos, Marcela Martins da Silva Nascimento, Natália Fernanda Bezerra de Melo, Suenia Maria de Souza Silva Araújo, Edna Fernanda de Souza Fernandes, Leandro Amaro da Silva, Paulo Rosemberg Rodrigues da Silva, Maria da Conceição dos Santos Lima, Jessyca Heloyse Silva Vasconcelos, Gabriely Alves Honório, Samia Dayana Lemos de Lacerda, Ellen Mayara Lima Silva, Jabes dos Santos Silva Giullyan Nóbrega Primo, Ana Cecília Amorim de Souza

Abstract: Cardiovascular pathologies are a public health problem of great relevance, where hospital expenses, mortality and death rates and high mortality rates, however, the support of information for situational analysis and health planning is of relevant importance. Where, reports via the public information system, consists of subsidies for planning, execution of actions and decision making. It is also an important indicator in the preparation of health actions, task, with the establishment of methods, strategic evaluations and goals in health services. Therefore, the reports of financing, permanence and deaths in cardiovascular pathologies stimulates the analysis of costs, concomitantly, causes analysis of management actions in the function  to promote quality and safety in the execution of the provision of health services, besides having a positive impact on decision-making by reducing or minimizing risk factors in the face of poor planning. To verify data and compare them on financing, stay in the hospital unit and the amounts and rate of deaths of patients with cardiovascular pathologies. The search strategy was delineated in the databases of the Ministry of Health (MS) DATASUS, Hospital Information System (SIH), and NET TAB of the Government of the State of Pernambuco. The criteria for data extraction six large hospitals in the State of Pernambuco, authorization of hospitalization, hospitalization, quantitative and death rate, sex of patients hospitalized for cardiovascular pathologies, in comparative analysis in June and May 2018. After extraction in a database, via TAB NET of the State of Pernambuco, 12 worksheets appeared that referred to the association of the factors sought. Among these worksheets, 05 worksheets were described and presented. Where, funding values, deaths, mortality rate and gender were described. The total financing values of the regional health of May and June, where, in the comparisons, investment of R$ 8,225,987.87 was demonstrated, which is equivalent to 92% of the total investment of the State. The information system has a  positive impact on health planning actions, especially when describing an analysis on cardiovascular pathologies, where this pathology requires high-cost investment from prevention in primary care to treatment in intensive care units.

Keywords: Health Care Financing. Government Funding. Health Planning. Information Systems. Mortality 

DOI: 10.29327/229003.3.2-23

IJS-0824 Changes in neural control in leprosy after high medication on cardiac autonomic modulation

Author(s): Débora Rafaela Amorim Ferreira Ferraz, Relba Torquato Vasconcelos, Natália Fernanda Bezerra de Melo, Leandro Amaro da Silva, Paulo Rosemberg Rodrigues da Silva, Marília Maria da Silva, Loysley dos Santos, Maria Adrielly Almeida Nunes de Melo, Tacyla Rayssa Carneiro Amorim, Sandra Maria Correia de Santana, Thamires Maria de Lima, Giullyan Nóbrega Primo, Simone da Silva Andrade, Maria da Conceição dos Santos Lima, Ana Cecília Amorim de Souza

Abstract: Mycobacterium leprae infection is the main cause of non-traumatic peripheral neuropathies. To verify the effects of leprosy after high medication on linear and nonlinear indices of heart rate variability. To analyze the effects of leprosy according to degrees of disability on the Autonomic Nervous System (ANS) at the Otavio de Freitas Hospital located in the city of Recife-PE, through the field research method in the descriptive and quantitative modalities.

Keywords: Leprosy. Autonomic Nervous System. Cardiovascular System. Physiology.

DOI: 10.29327/229003.3.2-24

IJS-0825 Measles: epidemiological profile and vaccine indicators in Brazil

Author(s): Maria Carolina Ribeiro da Costa, Carla Graciele Barbosa da Silva, Leandro Amaro da Silva, Natalia Fernanda Bezerra de Melo, Soraia Lins de Arruda Costa, Paulo Rosemberg Rodrigues da Silva, Ranuel Santos dos Nascimento, Priscila Mendes da Silva, Mariana Campos de Arruda Silva, Talita Vitória da Conceição Silva, Edivania Josefa dos Santos, Mayara dos Santos Cunha, Elaine Priscila da Silva, Ana Cecília Amorim de Souza

Abstract: Measles is a viral and transmissible disease that is related to the circulation of the virus, immunity and vulnerability of the population, also linked to socioeconomic conditions. The safe, low-cost triple viral vaccine is used to prevent it. Many cases are being reported worldwide, including Brazil. Therefore, control strategies through vaccination should be applied. To analyze the incidence of measles cases and deaths in Brazil. Cohort study that analyzed the years 2018 to 2019. Through the database of the Notifiable Diseases Information System (SINAN), the epidemiological profile and vaccination indicators in Brazil, provided by DATASUS/Ministry of Health, were analyzed. The results showed that the states of the northern region of Brazil, Amazonas, Roraima and Pará, during the period from 2018 to 2019, were the most affected by measles, and had as a consequence the evolution of some cases to death. Due to the reappearance of measles cases in Brazil, it is important to analyze its incidence and consequent death rate. As well as, strategies to reduce these numbers, associated with vigorous epidemiological surveillance and vaccination coverage, allowing the acquisition of measures to cease their transmission.

Keywords: Measles. Epidemiology. Vaccination

DOI: 10.29327/229003.3.2-25

IJS-0826 Epidemiological and financial profile of heart transplantation in a large hospital in Recife-PE-Brazil

Author(s): Maria Fabrícia da Silva Rodrigues, Rosangela Maria de Souza, Natália Fernanda Bezerra de Melo, Rosângela de Lima Pereira, Valdirene Salazar Cavalcanti Almeida, Ádyla Andréa de Santana Silva, Simone da Silva Andrade, Thamires Maria de Lima, Sandra Maria Correia de Santana, Cristie Aline Santos Araujo, Paulo Rosemberg Rodrigues da Silva, Samia Dayana Lemos de Lacerda, Leandro Amaro da Silva, Giullyan Nóbrega Primo, Lara Cristine Santana, Ana Cecília Amorim de Souza

Abstract: Heart transplantation is currently evaluated as an alternative for the treatment of diseases of which they were previously considered out of therapeutic possibility. Cardiovascular diseases are the main causes of death in Brazil and in several developed countries. Among them is heart failure, which is a condition considered severe and irreversible. Today, with the advance of medicine and technology, for the treatment of irreversible heart failure, heart transplantation has been used as the last possibility of intervention. Therefore, this aimed to verify the epidemiological profile of patients submitted to heart transplantation at the Heart Institute of Pernambuco INCOR/PE. A descriptive retrospective study was developed that seeks to describe and quantify patients who underwent cardiac surgery through medical records provided by the institute from April 2000 to April 2016, through medical records analysis. Information on the epidemiological data of patients is effective for a better understanding of the person with social reality. Due to this, little is known to suffer the epidemiological profile of patients who are submitted to heart transplantation. Heart transplantation (CT) is the treatment of choice for many patients with end-stage HF who remain symptomatic despite medical therapy. The main causes of morbidity and late mortality of patients undergoing CT are infections, chronic kidney disease, vascular disease of the cardiac graft. The inclusion of surgical techniques and improvement in postoperative care demonstrated an evolution in long-term results after CT.

Keywords: Heart transplant. Epidemiology. Heart failure. Surgical treatment

DOI: 10.29327/229003.3.2-26

IJS-0827 The role of dermato-functional physiotherapist in the healing process in burned patients: a literature review

Author(s): Jeane Roberta de Melo, Adja Kathiany Lins Tavares, Patrícia Pereira Cristovão, Ana Clara Correia de Aguiar, Paulo Rosemberg Rodrigues da Silva, Sandra Maria Correia de Santana, Samia Dayana Lemos de Lacerda, Natália Fernanda Bezerra de Melo, Bruna Rafaela Dornelas de Andrade Lima Monteiro, Andresa Kelly de Oliveira Santana, Ivina Magalhães de Andrada Melo, Ana Cecília Amorim de Souza

Abstract: Mycobacterium leprae infection is the main cause of non-traumatic peripheral neuropathies. To verify the effects of leprosy after high medication on linear and nonlinear indices of heart rate variability. To analyze the effects of leprosy according to degrees of disability on the Autonomic Nervous System (ANS) at the Otavio de Freitas Hospital located in the city of Recife-PE, through the field research method in the descriptive and quantitative modalities.

Keywords: Physiotherapy. Dermato-functional. Burns

DOI: 10.29327/229003.3.2-27

IJS-0828 Epidemiological profile of children and adolescents affected by exogenous intoxication in Brazil from 2015 to 2017

Author(s): Marta Laura Soares da Silva Nascimento, Stéfane Cássia Batista Ferreira, Leandro Amaro da Silva, Erica Bruna Andrade Soares, Soraia Lins de Arruda Costa, Natália Fernanda Bezerra de Melo, Maria Adrielly Almeida Nunes de Melo, Cinthya Laryssa da Silva, Paulo Rosemberg Rodrigues da Silva, Kamilla de Oliveira Cavalcanti, Jefferson Severino da Cunha, Lidiana Maria Silva de Mascena, Ana Cecília Amorim de Souza

Abstract: Intoxication can be defined as the manifestation of toxic signs and symptoms caused by one or more chemicals (exogenous) when it comes into contact with the living organism. The composition, dose and route of exposure are key factors that indicate the severity of intoxications, such as simultaneous exposure and other toxics, the form of nutrition of the child, age and pre-existing health conditions Accidents with children in this age group is one of the main public health problems in the world. And in developed countries, it composes the main cause of mortality in children over one year of age, contributes considerably as morbidity in childhood. The process of human exogenous intoxication is characterized as one of the most significant public health problems, due to the lack of control and care strategies, related to the easy access of the population to licit and illicit substances with a high degree of toxicity. To analyze cases of exogenous intoxication in children and adolescents aged 0 to 14 years in Brazil from 2015 to 201.Through secondary databases of the Notifiable Diseases Information System (SINAN), provided by DATASUS/Ministry of Health, and the National System of Toxic-Pharmacological Information (SINITOX), is responsible for the compilation, collection, dissemination and analysis of cases of intoxication and poisoning.  The population was resisted in the compulsory notification forms in the SINAN Database in Brazil, in the year 2015 to 2017. The results show that the female sex is the most affected, with a percentage of (52%), in the region stands out in the Southeast region (43%). Among the age group, it is the 1–4-year-old group with the highest incidence, totaling 40,255 reported cases. The study made it possible to identify the epidemiological profile of exogenous poisoning in Brazil from data from DATASUS, which showed that medications and household use, food and beverages are the most involved toxic agents, however children aged 1 to 4 years were the most affected, with the most prevalent female gender.  

Keywords: Epidemiological Profile. Exogenous intoxication. Children. Adolescents

DOI: 10.29327/229003.3.2-28

IJS-0829 Physiotherapeutic features in the rehabilitation of patients diagnosed with fibromyalgia and temporomandibular dysfunctions

Author(s): Thayná Oliveira da Silva, Alberto Doglas Xavier Barbosa, Natália Fernanda Bezerra de Melo, Samia Dayana Lemos de Lacerda, Sandra Maria Correia de Santana, Lenise Dalma da Silva Nascimento, Vanderson Severino da Silva, Paulo Rosemberg Rodrigues da Silva, Yolanda Sandy Rodrigues Paulino dos Santos, Luan Silva Costa, Ana Cecília Amorim de Souza

Abstract: The present study aimed to analyze the physiotherapeutic resources that are used in the treatment of patients diagnosed with fibromyalgia and temporomandibular dysfunction. The following databases were used: SciELO, Lilacs and PUBMED. The search in the database was performed using the following key words: fibromyalgia, temporomandibular disfunctions, physiotherapeutic resources. The uni terms or descriptors were previously identified in the Descriptors in Health Sciences (DeCS) and Medical Subject Heading (MeSH), being: 'fibromyalgia', 'temporomandibular joint dysfunction syndrome', 'rehabilitation'.  The search in electronic databases resulted in the identification of 59 articles, only 13 of which were selected, where 46 studies were evaluated and excluded because they did not present a theme consistent with the one addressed in this study. However, we see the importance of more and more studies so that it can evidence the most effective physiotherapeutic resources in patients with fibromyalgia and temporomandibular dysfunction.

Keywords: Fibromyalgia. Temporomandibular Dysfunctions. Physiotherapeutic Resources

DOI: 10.29327/229003.3.2-29

IJS-0830 Incidence and prevalence of microcephaly in the State of Pernambuco between 2015 and 2016

Author(s): Luana Maria Custodio da Silva, Fernanda Karla Bezerra de Lima, Maria Gabriela Bezerra da Conceição, Leandro Amaro da Silva, Soraia Lins de Arruda Costa, Suzely Felix Gomes Penna Layme, Paulo Rosemberg Rodrigues da Silva, Giullyan Nóbrega Primo, Ivina Magalhães de Andrada Melo, Jakeline Najara da Conceição Interaminense, Natália Fernanda Bezerra de Melo, Renata Salete da Silva, Hákilla Pricyla de Jesus Souza, Ana Cecília Amorim de Souza

Abstract: In the second half of 2014, a new febrile illness was recorded in some cities in northeastern Brazil. The Zika virus has caused febrile illness, accompanied by mild occurrence of other general symptoms, such as headache, exanthema, edema and joint pain. To analyze the incidence and prevalence of microcephaly in the state of Pernambuco in the face of secondary data extracted from the health surveillance system of the State of Pernambuco. Secondary data extracted from the health surveillance system of the State of Pernambuco was used as an investigation tool. In the period from August 2015 to November 2016, 2,179 cases of microcephaly were recorded/reported in the State of Pernambuco, with 325 cases confirmed in 2015 and 59 cases in 2016 (so far). Constant surveillance and evaluation of new cases is important to describe the phenotypic extent of possible congenital infections associated with zika virus.

Keywords: Microcephaly. Zika Virus. Arbovirus Infections

DOI: 10.29327/229003.3.2-30

IJS-0831 Report of the incidence of syphilis in a municipality in the southern “Zona da Mata” region of Pernambuco from 2010 to 2018

Author(s): Carla Graziela dos Santos Oliveira, Stefanny Rafaela Alves Filho, Danielle Cavalcanti de Almeida Messias de Barros, Sandra Maria Correia de Santana, Natália Fernanda Bezerra de Melo, Neidejane Trajano do Nascimento, Leandro Amaro da Silva, Paulo Rosemberg Rodrigues da Silva, Samia Dayana Lemos de Lacerda, Edilene Jeronimo dos Santos, Crislene Benicy Silva de Souza, Igor Gustavo Alves das Neves, Larissa Ranielle Barreto Martins Pereira, Mayara Paes de França Silva, Jaíse Braz Cabral, Josefa Maria Oliveira Xavier, Wedja da Silva Lima, Ana Cecília Amorim de Souza

Abstract: Congenital syphilis disease caused by the bacterium Treponema pallidum, has been a disease for epidemiological surveillance purposes since 1986. Its form of transmission occurs from the infected mother untreated or treated incorrectly to the fetus through transplacental, the drug used for treatment is penicillin, an antibiotic derived from mold produced by the fungus Penicillium crysogenum. The test for diagnosis of Congenital Syphilis should be performed at the first prenatal consultation, in the last three months of pregnancy and at the time of prepartum. Therefore, in order to be able to make the diagnosis accurately, it is necessary to evaluate the clinical history of the mother, also to perform the physical examination of the offspring and to have the results of the tests. To investigate the incidence and prevalence of congenital syphilis at the Regional Hospital of Palmares. This is a quantitative, descriptive study, data were collected through secondary data collection - SINAN. Case of congenital syphilis in 2018 (n=9) and detection rate (n=14.3); cases of gestational syphilis in 2018 (n=23) and detection rate (n=20.4). The results of the study revealed a significant increase in syphilis indices and indicators in 2018.

Keywords: Infectious disease. Congenital Syphilis. Syphilis. Epidemiology

 

DOI: 10.29327/229003.3.2-31

IJS-0832 Effect of the Pilates method on low back pain in pregnant women: a literature review

Author(s): Larissa Cibele Ferreira de Queiroz, Iulyane Jamile Ferreira de Santana, Juliana Couto de Oliveira, Gitana da Silva, Mayara Priscila de Brito Barbosa, Paulo Rosemberg Rodrigues da Silva, Natália Fernanda Bezerra de Melo, Ivina Magalhães de Andrada Melo, Bruna Rafaela Dornelas de Andrade Lima Monteiro, Sâmia Dayana Lemos de Lacerda, Marinise Fernandes Lima Santos, Ana Cecília Amorim de Souza

Abstract: The present study aimed to verify in the literature the effects of the Pilates method a safe and effective therapeutic modality to obtain the relief of low back pain in pregnant women. This is a study of a literature review using the following databases: SciELO, Lilacs and PUBMED. The search in the database was performed using the following key words: Pilate’s methods, pregnancy, low back pain. The articles surveyed were published in the period from 2016 to 2021. We found 38 scientific articles, of which four were used to date in this review, are works that address the Pilates method. The studies showed positive effects of the Pilates method on low back pain in pregnant women with decreased pain intensity.

Keywords: Pilate’s method. Pregnancy. Lumbago

 

DOI: 10.29327/229003.3.2-32

IJS-0833 Analysis of the effectivity of aquatic physiotherapy in the treatment of patients with rheumatoid arthritis: a literature review

Author(s): Denise Dayse Batista de Alonso, Gisele Priscila de Barros Alves Silva, Simone Maria da Silva Araújo Interaminense de Oliveira, Paulo Rosemberg Rodrigues da Silva, Natália Fernanda Bezerra de Melo, Ivina Magalhães de Andrada Melo, Steffanny Karollaynne Ferreira da Silva, Aldemir Santos da Silva, Luan Silva Costa, Bruna Rafaela Dornelas de Andrade Lima Monteiro, Sâmia Dayana Lemos de Lacerda, Gitana da Silva, Ana Cecília Amorim de Souza

Abstract: Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) is an inflammatory, chronic, autoimmune systemic pathology. Patients with AR suffer several symptoms both local in the respective articles and systemic, making the affected person disabling. Hydrotherapy has thermal and mechanical properties, providing several benefits to patients, such as relieving pain, improving blood circulation and reducing stress. The present study aims to analyzer and identify in the literature the positive and negative effects of aquatic physiotherapy in the treatment of patients with Rheumatoid Arthritis. Realized in the period of September 2021, the searches in the databases were performed using the following descriptors: hydrotherapy, rheumatoid arthritis, treatment. The search in electronic databases resulted in the identification of 27 articles, with only 13 selected, where 14 studies were evaluated and excluded for not presenting a theme consistent with the one addressed in this study. However, the scarcity of current studies on the subject is clear.

Keywords: Hydrotherapy. Rheumatoid arthritis. Treatment

 

DOI: 10.29327/229003.3.2-33

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